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Fertility Response to Natural Disasters: The Case of Three High Mortality Earthquakes

34 Pages Posted: 20 Apr 2016  

Jocelyn Finlay

Harvard University - Harvard School of Public Health

Date Written: March 1, 2009

Abstract

The event of a natural disaster, and being directly affected by it, brings a large shock to life-cycle outcomes. In addition to the replacement effects of higher fertility following a disaster that caused high mortality, a positive fertility response may be induced as children can be used to supplement household income. This paper analyzes three high mortality earthquakes: Gujarat, India, in 2001; North-West Frontier, Pakistan, in 2005; and Izmit, Turkey, in 1999. There is evidence of a positive fertility response to exposure to these large-scale natural disasters in addition to the response to child mortality. The results in this study are consistent with those of other studies that also find a positive fertility response following exposure to a disaster.

Keywords: Population Policies, Natural Disasters, Hazard Risk Management, Youth and Governance, Street Children

Suggested Citation

Finlay, Jocelyn, Fertility Response to Natural Disasters: The Case of Three High Mortality Earthquakes (March 1, 2009). World Bank Policy Research Working Paper Series, Vol. , pp. -, 2009. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1372960

Jocelyn Finlay (Contact Author)

Harvard University - Harvard School of Public Health ( email )

1875 Cambridge Street
Cambridge, MA 02138
United States

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