Gender Gap in the CIS Region

55 Pages Posted: 8 Apr 2009 Last revised: 10 May 2009

See all articles by Magdalena Rokicka

Magdalena Rokicka

CASE - Center for Social and Economic Research

Date Written: 2008


The aim of this paper is to examine the issues of gender disparities in the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) region, with a special focus given to countries covered by the European Neighbourhood Policy (ENP)1. The analysis is conducted in several dimensions: labour participation, economic opportunity, political empowerment, educational attainment, and health and demography. Beside the comparative study of "in region differentials" done for the CIS, I analyze the trends in gender disparities in comparison to: EU-12 and EU-15, using data for the period 1985-2005.

The study confirms the existence of slightly different paths in which gender disparities have evolved over time. While in EU-15 women participation in labour market, their remuneration, and position in public life have significantly increased, in majority of the CIS countries a gradual decrease of female labour activity was reported. In addition female representation in politics and public life has shrunken after and during the transition period. On the other hand in such fields as secondary and tertiary education attainment, health, and demography male population in the CIS region has became more disadvantaged, which also leads to enlarging gender gap.

Keywords: gender gap, employment, education, transition economies

JEL Classification: J16, J24, J21, J70

Suggested Citation

Rokicka, Magdalena, Gender Gap in the CIS Region (2008). CASE Network Studies and Analyses No. 376, Available at SSRN: or

Magdalena Rokicka (Contact Author)

CASE - Center for Social and Economic Research ( email )

Al. Jana Pawła II 61/212
Warsaw, 01-031

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