To Regulate, Litigate, or Both
79 Pages Posted: 9 Apr 2009 Last revised: 27 May 2010
Date Written: March 27, 2009
In the United States insurance is regulated both by state insurance commissions and class action litigation. The interaction of these two systems has not been extensively studied. We examine four different facets of the regulation litigation tradeoff. The first is to examine whether a regulator’s interest in a particular cause of action reduces the likelihood that class actions covering this cause of action will be filed in the regulator’s home state. We also examine several measures of regulatory stringency in the state to determine whether there is a substitution effect between regulatory action and litigation. We also examine whether class actions are less frequent when regulators issued an administrative decision on a particular issue previously or if there are no existing state laws on the particular issue. We examine the impact of electing judges on patterns of filing. Lastly, we examine the impact of previous litigation both in the state and the specific line of litigation.
Keywords: administrative law, insurance law, law and economics, products liability, torts, litigation frequency, substitution, regulatory enforcement, original equipment manufacturer parts, regulators, complex litigation
JEL Classification: G22, K13, K23, K41
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation