The Impact of Improving Nutrition During Early Childhood on Education Among Guatemalan Adults

30 Pages Posted: 27 Apr 2009

See all articles by John Hoddinott

John Hoddinott

Cornell University, Dyson School of Applied Economics and Management, Students

Jere Behrman

University of Pennsylvania - Department of Economics

Reynaldo Martorell

Emory University

Agnes R. Quisumbing

International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI)

Abstract

Using a longitudinal survey from rural Guatemala, we examine the effect of an early childhood nutritional intervention on adult educational outcomes. An intent-to-treat model yields substantial effects of an experimental intervention that provided highly nutritious food supplements to children, a quarter century after it ended: increases of 1.2 grades completed for women and one quarter SD on standardised reading comprehension and non-verbal cognitive ability tests for both women and men. Two-stage least squares results that endogenise the actual supplement intakes corroborate these magnitudes. Improving the nutrient intakes of very young children can have substantial, long-term, educational consequences.

Suggested Citation

Hoddinott, John and Behrman, Jere R. and Martorell, Reynaldo and Quisumbing, Agnes R., The Impact of Improving Nutrition During Early Childhood on Education Among Guatemalan Adults. The Economic Journal, Vol. 119, No. 537, pp. 734-763, April 2009. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1375997 or http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1468-0297.2009.02220.x

John Hoddinott

Cornell University, Dyson School of Applied Economics and Management, Students ( email )

Ithaca, NY
United States

Jere R. Behrman

University of Pennsylvania - Department of Economics ( email )

Ronald O. Perelman Center for Political Science
133 South 36th Street
Philadelphia, PA 19104-6297
United States
215-898-7704 (Phone)
215-573-2057 (Fax)

Reynaldo Martorell

Emory University ( email )

201 Dowman Drive
Atlanta, GA 30322
United States

Agnes R. Quisumbing

International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) ( email )

1201 Eye St, NW,
Washington, DC 20005
United States

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