Embedding the Organizational Culture Profile into Schwartz’S Universal Value Theory Using Multidimensional Scaling with Regional Restrictions

40 Pages Posted: 13 Apr 2009

See all articles by Ingwer Borg

Ingwer Borg

GESIS - Leibniz Institute for the Social Sciences

Patrick J. F. Groenen

Erasmus University Rotterdam (EUR)

Karen A. Jehn

University of Melbourne - Melbourne Business School

Wolfgang Bilsky

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Shalom H. Schwartz

Hebrew University of Jerusalem - Department of Psychology; National Research University Higher School of Economics

Date Written: March 31, 2009

Abstract

Person-organization fit is often measured by the congruence of a person’s values and the values that he or she ascribes to the organization. A popular instrument used in this context is the Organizational Culture Profile (O’Reilly, Chatman, & Caldwell, 1991). The OCP scales its 54 items on eight factors, derived by exploratory factor analysis. We investigate the extent to which the OCP can be embedded into Schwartz’s Theory of Universals in Values (TUV) that is formulated in terms of a circumplex in MDS space. To address this question, we develop a non-standard MDS method that enforces a TUV-based axial regionality onto the solution space together with a permutation test that assesses the consistency of the side constraints with the MDS representation. We find that the OCP can indeed be largely embedded into the TUV. The practical implication is that P-O fit can at least be approximated by the congruence of the person’s and the organization’s positions on two value dimensions, risk vs. rules and results vs. relations.

Keywords: schwartz’s universal value theory, organizational culture profile

JEL Classification: C44, M31, M, M31, M11

Suggested Citation

Borg, Ingwer and Groenen, Patrick J. F. and Jehn, Karen A. and Bilsky, Wolfgang and Schwartz, Shalom H., Embedding the Organizational Culture Profile into Schwartz’S Universal Value Theory Using Multidimensional Scaling with Regional Restrictions (March 31, 2009). ERIM Report Series Reference No. ERS-2009-017-MKT, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1376149

Ingwer Borg

GESIS - Leibniz Institute for the Social Sciences

Unter Sachsenhausen 6-8, 50667 Köln
Mannheim, 68159
Germany

Patrick J. F. Groenen

Erasmus University Rotterdam (EUR) ( email )

P.O. Box 1738
3000 DR Rotterdam, NL 3062 PA
Netherlands

Karen A. Jehn

University of Melbourne - Melbourne Business School ( email )

200 Leicester Street
Carlton, Victoria 3053 3186
Australia

Wolfgang Bilsky

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Shalom H. Schwartz

Hebrew University of Jerusalem - Department of Psychology ( email )

National Research University Higher School of Economics ( email )

Myasnitskaya street, 20
Moscow, Moscow 119017
Russia

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