Growing Out of Trouble? Corporate Responses to Liability Risk
Todd A. Gormley
Washington University in St. Louis
David A. Matsa
Northwestern University - Kellogg School of Management; National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)
December 30, 2010
Review of Financial Studies, 2011, 24(8), pp. 2781-2821.
2009 Western Finance Association Conference Paper
This paper analyzes corporate responses to the liability risk arising from its workers’ exposure to newly identified carcinogens. We find that firms, especially those with weak balance sheets, tend to respond to such risks by acquiring large, unrelated businesses with relatively high operating cash flows. The diversifying growth appears to be primarily motivated by managers’ personal exposure to their firms’ risk in that the growth has negative announcement returns and is related to firms’ external governance, managerial stockholdings, and institutional ownership. The results suggest corporate governance is particularly important when firms are exposed to the risk of large, adverse shocks.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 65
Keywords: legal liability, acquisitions, payout policy, capital structure, managerial agency
JEL Classification: D21, G32, G34, K13
Date posted: April 16, 2009 ; Last revised: June 17, 2014