Exclusion as Inefficient Insurance
CentER Discussion Paper Series No. 2009-24
30 Pages Posted: 20 Apr 2009 Last revised: 24 Jun 2013
Date Written: April 15, 2009
It is well established that an incumbent firm may use exclusivity contracts so as to monopolize an industry or deter entry. Such an anticompetitive practice could be tolerated if it were associated with sufficiently large efficiency gains, e.g. insuring buyers against price volatility. In this paper we study the trade-off between positive effects (risk sharing) and negative effects (exclusion) of exclusivity contracts. We revisit the seminal model of Aghion and Bolton (1987) under risk-aversion and show that although exclusivity contracts induce optimal risk-sharing, they can be used not only to deter the entry of a more efficient rival on the product market but also to crowd out financial investors willing to insure the buyer at competitive rates. We further show that in a world without financial investors, purely financial bilateral instruments, such as forward contracts, achieve optimal risk sharing without distorting product market outcomes. Thus, there is no room for an insurance defense of exclusivity contracts.
Keywords: exclusivity, contracts, monopolization, risk-aversion, risk-sharing, damages
JEL Classification: D43, D86, K21, L12, L42
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation