Nonparametric Testing of the High-Frequency Efficiency of the 1997 Asian Foreign Exchange Markets

Centre for Research in Financial Services WP No. 98-03

33 Pages Posted: 2 Nov 1998

See all articles by Cornelis A. Los

Cornelis A. Los

University of California at Irvine - The Paul Merage School of Business; EMEPS Associates

Multiple version iconThere are 2 versions of this paper

Date Written: August 1998

Abstract

For the first time, non-parametric statistical tests, originally developed by Sherry (1992) to test the efficiency of information processing in nervous systems, are used to ascertain if the Asian FX rates followed random walks. The stationarity and serial independence of the price changes are tested on minute-by-minute data for nine currencies for the period from January 1, 1997 to December 30, 1997. Tested were the Thai baht, Indonesian rupiah, Malaysian ringgit, Philippines' peso, Singapore dollar, Taiwan dollar and the Hong Kong dollar, with the Japanese Yen and German Deutschmark as benchmarks (The U.S. Dollar is the base currency). The efficiency of these FX markets before and after the onset of the Asian currency turmoil (i.e., January 1 - June 30, 1997 and July 1 - December 30, 1997) are compared. The Thai baht, Malaysian ringgit, Indonesian rupiah and Singapore dollar exhibited non-stationary behavior during the entire year, and gave evidence of a trading regime break, while the Phillipines' peso, Taiwan dollar, Yen and Deutschmark remained stationary (The Hong Kong dollar was pegged). However, each half-year regime showed stationarity by itself, indicating stable and nonchaotic trading regimes for all currencies, despite the high volatilities, except the Malaysian ringgit, which exhibited non-stationarity in the second half of 1997. The Thai baht traded nonstationarily in the first half of 1997, but stationarily in the second half, while the Taiwan dollar reversed that trading pattern. Regarding Sherry's four serial independence tests of differential spectrum, relative price changes, temporal trading windows of at least 20 minutes long and price change category transitions: none of the currencies exhibited complete independence. Thus no Asian currency market - including the Yen - exhibited complete efficiency in 1997 regarding both stationarity and independence, in particular when compared with the highly efficient Deutschmark. But, remarkably, the Phillippines' peso remained as efficient as the Japanese Yen throughout 1997.

JEL Classification: C14, F31, G14, G15, O53

Suggested Citation

Los, Cornelis A., Nonparametric Testing of the High-Frequency Efficiency of the 1997 Asian Foreign Exchange Markets (August 1998). Centre for Research in Financial Services WP No. 98-03, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=138388 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.138388

Cornelis A. Los (Contact Author)

University of California at Irvine - The Paul Merage School of Business ( email )

SB1
Irvine, CA 92697-3125
United States

HOME PAGE: http://merage.uci.edu/research-faculty/faculty-directory/Cornelis-Los.html

EMEPS Associates ( email )

Escondido, CA 92029
United States
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