What is a Trust?
Trusts Quarterly Review, Vol. 7, pp. 5-13, 2009
22 Pages Posted: 16 Apr 2009
Date Written: April 15, 2009
A trust is a relationship, not a legal person, popular misconceptions (reinforced by statutory fictions) notwithstanding. The trust relationship is between trustee, beneficiaries, property and third parties. It interacts with other aspects of the legal system, notably, common law and statute. This article examines some aspects of how that interaction occurs. The first half addresses how common law has long recognised trusts, and focusses in particular on assignments of choses in action prior to the judicature legislation, with a view to assessing what the real impact of that legislation was. Conversely, the second half analyses how the equitable rules in the law of trusts accommodate prohibitions and restrictions at common law and in statute upon the trust property.
Keywords: trust, equity, judicature act, chose in action, Atlay, Field Code, assignment, chancery reforms
JEL Classification: K10, K30, K11, K22
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation