Motherhood and Market Work Decisions in Institutional Context: A European Perspective

Posted: 21 Apr 2009

See all articles by Daniela Del Boca

Daniela Del Boca

University of Turin - Department of Economics; IZA Institute of Labor Economics; Centre for Household, Income, Labour and Demographic Economics (CHILD)

Silvia Pasqua

University of Turin - Department of Economics

Chiara Pronzato

University of Essex - Institute for Social and Economic Research (ISER)

Date Written: April 2009

Abstract

This paper explores the impact of social polices and labour market conditions on women's decisions on work and childbearing. This is analysed using data from the European Community Household Panel (ECHP). The aim of the paper is to jointly estimate the two decisions while controlling for factors such as personal characteristics, variables related to the childcare system, parental leave arrangements, family allowances, and part time work opportunities. Our empirical results indicate that differences in social policies across European countries account for a non-negligible percentage of the differences in women's labour market participation across these countries. The environment variables have a marginally significant effect on fertility decisions, which varies by women's level of education. Certain types of part time work opportunities, childcare, optional parental leave, and child allowances have a larger impact on participation decisions of women with lower levels of education.

JEL Classification: J11, C3, D1

Suggested Citation

Del Boca, Daniela and Pasqua, Silvia and Pronzato, Chiara, Motherhood and Market Work Decisions in Institutional Context: A European Perspective (April 2009). Oxford Economic Papers, Vol. 61, Issue suppl_1, pp. i147-i171, 2009. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1389141 or http://dx.doi.org/gpn046

Daniela Del Boca (Contact Author)

University of Turin - Department of Economics ( email )

Via Po, 53
Torino, 10124
Italy

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

Centre for Household, Income, Labour and Demographic Economics (CHILD)

Turin, TO
Italy

Silvia Pasqua

University of Turin - Department of Economics ( email )

Via Po, 53
Torino, 10124
Italy

Chiara Pronzato

University of Essex - Institute for Social and Economic Research (ISER) ( email )

Wivenhoe Park
Colchester CO4 3SQ
United Kingdom

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