The Development Gap Between the CIS and EU

210 Pages Posted: 23 Apr 2009 Last revised: 18 Sep 2009

See all articles by Irina Sinitsina

Irina Sinitsina

CASE - Center for Social and Economic Research

Aziz Atamanov

World Bank

Alexander Chubrik

CASE - Center for Social and Economic Research; IPM Research Center

Irina Denisova

Center for Economic and Financial Research (CEFIR); New Economic School (NES)

Vladimir Dubrovskiy

CASE - Centre for Social and Economic Research Ukraine - CASE Ukraine

Marina Kartseva

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Irina Lukashova

CASE - Center for Social and Economic Research

Irina Makenbaeva

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Magdalena Rokicka

CASE - Center for Social and Economic Research

Michael Tokmazishvili

CASE - Center for Social and Economic Research - CASE Transcaucasus

Date Written: 2008

Abstract

Current report aims to identify major existing gaps in the five socio-economic dimensions (economic, human, openness, environmental, and institutional) and to reveal those gaps which could potentially hinder social and economic integration of neighbor states with the EU. To achieve this, the authors aim to assess the existing trends in the size of the gaps across countries and problem areas, taking into consideration the specific origin of the gap between EU15/EU12, on the one hand, and FSU republics, EU candidates and West Balkan countries, on the other hand.

The paper is structured as follows: 1. A review of literature on the determinants of growth and development and the analysis of the catching up process between countries or groups of countries. 2. An analysis of the historic roots and origins of the development gap, and its evolvement over time. 3. A review of literature sources, draft analysis of primary statistical data, and qualitative explanations of gaps and divergences in selected development issues across the following socio-economic dimensions: • level of economic development and convergence rates based on real GDP (application of methodology testing β and σ convergence to the set of countries analyzed); • quality of life and its components (poverty, inequality, health status and health care, access to fresh water and sanitation facilities, subjective perceptions of well-being); • human capital and labor market development, including level of education and public spending on education, its accessibility and quality, main differences in labor market development (employment participation rates and levels of unemployment, new jobs creation and labor protection legislation); • innovation potential, including R&D, information and communication technologies, and institutional environment; • openness and trade potential, including trade in goods and services, FDI stocks, trade regime and performance in logistics and infrastructure; • environmental performance in terms of environmental stresses, efforts aimed at their reduction, and institutional capacity; • business climate, political institutions, and other institutional indicators (econometric analysis). 4. A test econometric analysis of development gaps across selected dimensions by using a Principal Components Method (PCM). The results are further presented in the form of ranks of countries analyzed reflecting their distances from EU15 in respective aggregate averages. Special attention is paid to gender-related development issues. Respective issues in human capital and labor market study, as well as variables included into PCM analysis were supplemented with relative gender data. Several conclusions finalize the report.

Keywords: EU, CIS, development gap, GDP, convergence, quality of life, human capital, innovation, environment, institutions, Principal Components Method

JEL Classification: O11, O52, O57, P27

Suggested Citation

Sinitsina, Irina and Atamanov, Aziz and Chubrik, Alexander and Denisova, Irina and Dubrovskiy, Vladimir and Kartseva, Marina and Lukashova, Irina and Makenbaeva, Irina and Rokicka, Magdalena and Tokmazishvili, Michael, The Development Gap Between the CIS and EU (2008). CASE Network Reports No. 81, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1393701 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1393701

Irina Sinitsina (Contact Author)

CASE - Center for Social and Economic Research ( email )

Al. Jana Pawła II 61/212
00-944 Warsaw, 01-031
Poland

Aziz Atamanov

World Bank ( email )

1818 H Street, NW
Washington, DC 20433
United States

Alexander Chubrik

CASE - Center for Social and Economic Research ( email )

Al. Jana Pawła II 61/212
Warsaw, 01-031
Poland

HOME PAGE: http://case-research.eu/strona--ID-strona_glowna,nlang-710.html

IPM Research Center ( email )

50b Zakharova St
Minsk, 220088
Belarus

HOME PAGE: http://research.by/

Irina Denisova

Center for Economic and Financial Research (CEFIR) ( email )

47 Nakhimovsky Prospect, Office #720
117418 Moscow
Russia
+7 095 332 4083 (Phone)

New Economic School (NES)

100A Novaya Street
Moscow, Skolkovo 143026
Russia

Vladimir Dubrovskiy

CASE - Centre for Social and Economic Research Ukraine - CASE Ukraine ( email )

Ukraine

Marina Kartseva

affiliation not provided to SSRN ( email )

Irina Lukashova

CASE - Center for Social and Economic Research ( email )

Al. Jana Pawła II 61/212
Warsaw, 01-031
Poland

Irina Makenbaeva

affiliation not provided to SSRN ( email )

Magdalena Rokicka

CASE - Center for Social and Economic Research ( email )

Al. Jana Pawła II 61/212
Warsaw, 01-031
Poland

Michael Tokmazishvili

CASE - Center for Social and Economic Research - CASE Transcaucasus ( email )

Tbilisi
Georgia

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