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The Egalitarian First Amendment: Its History and a Critique on the Grounds of Text, Rights, Negative Liberty, and Our Republican Constitutional Structure

North Carolina Central Law Review, Vol. 31, p. 153, 2009

32 Pages Posted: 24 Apr 2009 Last revised: 17 Sep 2009

Zachary Larsen

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Date Written: April 23, 2009

Abstract

This article articulates the growing tendency of constitutional theorists and U.S. Supreme Court justices to construe the First Amendment in the light of egalitarian principles and argues that to do so is inconsistent with the meaning and purpose of the First Amendment. The article criticizes the egalitarian approach as creating a positive right, contrary to the structure of the Bill of Rights as a “charter of negative liberties,” and as diluting the right to speech by infusing in it a relative determination of speech values. Finally, the article concludes that the egalitarian reading should be rejected as endangering the very liberties the First Amendment creates.

Keywords: First Amendment, interpretation, negative, negative liberty, charter, Bill of Rights, egalitarian, positive, positive liberty, history, text, right, Stephen Breyer, Active Liberty, Cass Sunstein, democracy promotion, Buckley, Abrams, Debs, antitrust, monopoly, marketplace, originalism

JEL Classification: K19, K39

Suggested Citation

Larsen, Zachary, The Egalitarian First Amendment: Its History and a Critique on the Grounds of Text, Rights, Negative Liberty, and Our Republican Constitutional Structure (April 23, 2009). North Carolina Central Law Review, Vol. 31, p. 153, 2009. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1393788

Zachary Chad Larsen (Contact Author)

affiliation not provided to SSRN ( email )

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