The Catholic Church, Human Rights and Democracy: Convergence and Conflict with the Modern State

THE CROSS, THE CRESCENT AND THE BALLOT BOX: CATHOLIC AND ISLAMIC DIALOGUE ON THE RULE OF LAW AND INTERNATIONAL DEMOCRACY PROMOTION, Peter Schraeder, ed., Forthcoming

Notre Dame Legal Studies Paper No. 09-15

33 Pages Posted: 25 Apr 2009  

Paolo Carozza

Notre Dame Law School

Daniel Philpott

University of Notre Dame

Date Written: 2009

Abstract

This book chapter traces the history of the Catholic Church's relationship to the modern state, focusing on the idea of sovereignty and the development of human rights and democracy. It argues that the Catholic Church's relationship to human rights and democracy in the modern world can only be understood as reflective of both a historical convergence and a persistent tension and ambivalence. The first part argues for this dual theme in the development of Catholic doctrine, where today, as over the past several centuries, the Church's conception of the common good yields both an embrace of human rights and democracy and a critique of certain aspects of their secular espousal. The second part illustrates how this parallel acceptance and tension is manifested in practice, showing that the Church's efforts to advance its teachings on human rights and democracy sometimes succeed and sometimes encounter resistance, both on account of conceptual differences with modern states and international organizations as well as because of obstructing institutional realities.

Keywords: Catholic church; religion and human rights; democratization; sovereignty

Suggested Citation

Carozza, Paolo and Philpott, Daniel, The Catholic Church, Human Rights and Democracy: Convergence and Conflict with the Modern State (2009). THE CROSS, THE CRESCENT AND THE BALLOT BOX: CATHOLIC AND ISLAMIC DIALOGUE ON THE RULE OF LAW AND INTERNATIONAL DEMOCRACY PROMOTION, Peter Schraeder, ed., Forthcoming; Notre Dame Legal Studies Paper No. 09-15. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1394355 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1394355

Paolo G. Carozza (Contact Author)

Notre Dame Law School ( email )

P.O. Box 780
Notre Dame, IN 46556-0780
United States

Daniel Philpott

University of Notre Dame ( email )

361 Mendoza College of Business
Notre Dame, IN New South Wales 46556-5646
United States

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