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Federalism and the Balance of Power: China's Han and Tang Dynasties and the Roman Empire

21 Pages Posted: 27 Apr 2009  

Ronald A. Edwards

Tamkang University

Abstract

This paper compares the institutional history of the Han Dynasty (206 BC-AD 220), Tang Dynasty (AD 618-AD 906) and the Roman Empire (27 BC-AD 476). I document a common institutional reform in all three cases: the central government assumed power to appoint key regional officials and diffused authority across a greater number of regional officials. I argue that this served to increase coordination costs among key regional officials, making rebellion and resistance to central directives more costly. As a result, this institutional reform shifted the balance of power toward the central government, giving it more control.

Suggested Citation

Edwards, Ronald A., Federalism and the Balance of Power: China's Han and Tang Dynasties and the Roman Empire. Pacific Economic Review, Vol. 14, Issue 1, pp. 1-21, February 2009. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1395142 or http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1468-0106.2009.00430.x

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