Critical Periods During Childhood and Adolescence: A Study of Adult Height Among Immigrant Siblings

47 Pages Posted: 28 Apr 2009

See all articles by Gerard J. van den Berg

Gerard J. van den Berg

VU University Amsterdam - Department of Economics; Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR); IZA Institute of Labor Economics; Tinbergen Institute

Petter Lundborg

Lund University School of Economics and Management; Tinbergen Institute; IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Paul Nystedt

Linkoping University

Dan-Olof Rooth

University of Kalmar; IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Abstract

We identify the ages that constitute critical periods in children's development towards their adult health status. For this we use data on families migrating into Sweden from countries that are mostly poorer, with less healthy conditions. Long-run health is proxied by adult height. The relation between siblings' ages at migration and their heights after age 18 allows us to estimate the causal effect of conditions at a certain age on adult height. Moreover, we compare siblings born outside and within Sweden. We apply fixed-effect methods to a sample of about 9,000 brothers. We effectively exploit that for siblings the migration occurs simultaneously in calendar time but at different developmental stages (ages). We find important critical periods at ages 5/6 and 9. The effects are stronger in families migrating from poorer countries but weaker if the mother is well-educated.

Keywords: developmental origins, fetal programming, age, height retardation, adult health, parental education, migration, early-life conditions

JEL Classification: I10, I12, I18, F22, I20, I30, J10, N30

Suggested Citation

van den Berg, Gerard J. and Lundborg, Petter and Nystedt, Bjorn Paul Fredrik and Rooth, Dan-Olof, Critical Periods During Childhood and Adolescence: A Study of Adult Height Among Immigrant Siblings. IZA Discussion Paper No. 4140. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1395247

Gerard J. Van den Berg (Contact Author)

VU University Amsterdam - Department of Economics ( email )

De Boelelaan 1105
1081 HV Amsterdam
Netherlands
+31 20 444 6132 (Phone)
+32 20 444 6020 (Fax)

Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR)

London
United Kingdom

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

Tinbergen Institute

Burg. Oudlaan 50
Rotterdam, 3062 PA
Netherlands

Petter Lundborg

Lund University School of Economics and Management ( email )

P.O Box 7080
Lund
Sweden

Tinbergen Institute ( email )

Burg. Oudlaan 50
Rotterdam, 3062 PA
Netherlands

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

Bjorn Paul Fredrik Nystedt

Linkoping University

Överstegatan 30
Linkoping, 581 83
Sweden

Dan-Olof Rooth

University of Kalmar ( email )

Sweden

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Schaumburg-Lippe-Str. 7 / 9
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

Here is the Coronavirus
related research on SSRN

Paper statistics

Downloads
95
Abstract Views
711
rank
287,740
PlumX Metrics