Stock Repurchases: Theory and Evidence
46 Pages Posted: 30 Apr 2009
Date Written: April 2009
This article surveys the theoretical and empirical studies on share repurchases. Share repurchases have surpassed cash dividends and become the dominant form of corporate payouts since the last decade. This study provides a brief description of five major types of share repurchases and considers the motives that influence firms’ repurchase decisions. Specifically, we examine regulatory and tax considerations, agency costs of free cash flows, signaling and undervaluation, capital structure, takeover deterrence, and employee stock options. The review indicates that the existing literature provides ample support for several of these motivations while others merit further investigation. Few studies offer possible explanations for the phenomenon of increasing total payouts over time that is largely attributable to share repurchases.
Keywords: Share Repurchases, Stock Repurchases
JEL Classification: G35
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation