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Stepparents as Third Parties in Relation to Their Stepchildren

Family Law Quarterly, Vol. 40, p. 81, 2006

U. of Pittsburgh Legal Studies Research Paper

28 Pages Posted: 9 May 2009  

Margaret M. Mahoney

University of Pittsburgh - School of Law

Abstract

The "third parties" who inspired this symposium are categories of adults who form de facto family ties with children to whom they do not stand in the relationship of legal parent. In the eyes of the law, the status of parenthood is generally restricted to biological and adoptive parents. Within this frame of reference, stepparents constitute a major category of "third parties" who develop relationships with their stepchildren but are not regarded as legal parents.

In spite of the long history of stepfamily issues in the legal arena, and the increased demand for regulation in recent decades, little progress has been made in establishing a clear or consistent legal definition of the stepparent status. The state of the law in this area and the reasons for the slow development of a legal status for stepparents are discussed at length in Parts III through VI of this article. Prior to that discussion, Part II presents demographic information about stepfamilies in the United States, derived from the 2000 census, and explores the meaning of the term "stepparent" in the census survey and in the law.

Keywords: stepparents, third parties, stepparent status, stepparent-child relationships, stepparent adoption, support, custody, visitation

Suggested Citation

Mahoney, Margaret M., Stepparents as Third Parties in Relation to Their Stepchildren. Family Law Quarterly, Vol. 40, p. 81, 2006; U. of Pittsburgh Legal Studies Research Paper. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1399580

Margaret M. Mahoney (Contact Author)

University of Pittsburgh - School of Law ( email )

3900 Forbes Ave.
Pittsburgh, PA 15260
United States
412-648-1433 (Phone)
412-648-2649 (Fax)

HOME PAGE: http://www.law.pitt.edu/faculty/profiles/mahoneymm

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