Energy and India's Foreign Policy
Stanford University - Program on Energy and Sustainable Development
University of Texas at Austin - LBJ School of Public Affairs
David G. Victor
UC San Diego, School of Global Policy and Strategy
May 1, 2008
Program on Energy and Sustainable Development (PESD) Working Paper No. 75
The study explores the role of energy in India’s foreign policy strategy and examines the wide gap between India’s need for a strategic energy policy and the government of India’s inability to put such a policy into practice. As a stark departure from the idealized vision, India’s energy supply chains that have grown increasingly creaky and unreliable. Only halting progress has been made towards reform and, without fundamental reform, it is likely that India’s global energy strategy will continue to be a failure.
In particular, the authors examine the relationship between India’s energy policy and its foreign policy by highlighting both themes and vignettes in three different areas of the energy system: oil & natural gas, coal, and electricity. They find that fickle domestic political coalitions dominate energy policymaking in India and that these unstable coalitions, when combined with the weak administrative capacity of the Indian state, leave India’s foreign policy apparatus incapable of making credible commitments in the energy sector.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 44
Keywords: India, Energy policy of India, Foreign policy of India, State-owned companies, Reforms in India
JEL Classification: Q48, P16, P11, L50, D78
Date posted: May 7, 2009