International Migration and Gender Differentials in the Home Labor Market: Evidence from Albania

39 Pages Posted: 20 Apr 2016

See all articles by Mariapia Mendola

Mariapia Mendola

University of Milan - Centro Studi Luca d'Agliano (LdA); Università degli Studi di Milano-Bicocca - Department of Economics, Management and Statistics (DEMS); Università degli Studi di Milano-Bicocca - Center for European Studies (CefES)

Calogero Carletto

World Bank; World Bank - Development Research Group (DECRG)

Date Written: April 1, 2009

Abstract

This paper examines the role of male-dominated international migration in shaping labor market outcomes by gender in migrant-sending households in Albania. Using detailed information on family migration experience from the latest Living Standards Measurement Study survey, the authors find that male and female labor supplies respond differently to the current and past migration episodes of household members. Controlling for the potential endogeneity of migration and for the income (remittances) effect, the estimates show that having a migrant abroad decreases female paid labor supply and increases unpaid work. However, women with past family migration experience are significantly more likely to engage in self-employment and less likely to supply unpaid work. The same relationships do not hold for men. These findings suggest that over time male-dominated Albanian migration may lead to women's empowerment in access to income-earning opportunities at the origin.

Keywords: Labor Markets, Population Policies, Labor Policies, Access to Finance, Gender and Development

Suggested Citation

Mendola, Mariapia and Carletto, Calogero, International Migration and Gender Differentials in the Home Labor Market: Evidence from Albania (April 1, 2009). World Bank Policy Research Working Paper Series, Vol. , pp. -, 2009. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1401206

Mariapia Mendola (Contact Author)

University of Milan - Centro Studi Luca d'Agliano (LdA) ( email )

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Università degli Studi di Milano-Bicocca - Department of Economics, Management and Statistics (DEMS) ( email )

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Università degli Studi di Milano-Bicocca - Center for European Studies (CefES)

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Calogero Carletto

World Bank ( email )

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Washington, DC 20433
United States

World Bank - Development Research Group (DECRG)

1818 H. Street, N.W.
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Washington, DC 20433
United States

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