Tribal Membership and 'Indian Status': Federal Indian Law in the Post-Martinez World
Native Americas, Vol. 19, 2002
5 Pages Posted: 9 May 2009
Date Written: 2002
In this article, Professor Tsosie describes the importance of legally establishing Indian status or tribal membership for purposes of federal Indian law. She also explores the decision making process and who determines Indian status. Ultimately, recognition of Indian status or tribal membership affect tribal sovereignty and Native peoples cultural perspectives. Additionally, these matters significantly impact Indian law jurisprudence. Professor Tsosie refers to a particular important case, Santa Clara Pueblo v. Martinez, to demonstrate how the Supreme Court decided on issues of Indian status. Professor Tsosie concludes that usually the federal government relies on individual tribes to determine membership and status.
Keywords: Indian status, Tribal membership, Native people
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