Migration Enclaves, Schooling Choices and Social Mobility

32 Pages Posted: 18 May 2009

See all articles by Mario Piacentini

Mario Piacentini

University of Geneva - Department of Political Economics

Date Written: October 22, 2008

Abstract

This paper investigates the presence of a network externality which might explain the persistence of low schooling achievements among internal migrants. We test empirically whether young migrants's schooling decisions are affected by the presence of covillagers at destination, using data on life-time histories of migration and education choices from a rural region of Thailand. Different modelling approaches are used to account for the self-selection of young migrants, for potential endogeneity of the network size, and for unobserved heterogeneity in individual preferences. The size of the migrant network is found to negatively affect the propensity of young migrants to pursue schooling while in the city. This finding suggests that policies seeking to minimise stratification in enclaves might have a socially multiplied impact on schooling participation, and, ultimately, affect the socio-economic mobility of the rural born.

Keywords: Education, networks, migration

JEL Classification: I21, L14, O15

Suggested Citation

Piacentini, Mario, Migration Enclaves, Schooling Choices and Social Mobility (October 22, 2008). Centro Studi Luca d'Agliano Development Studies Working Paper No. 265, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1402680 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1402680

Mario Piacentini (Contact Author)

University of Geneva - Department of Political Economics ( email )

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Geneva 4, CH-1211
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