The Current Economic and Financial Crisis: A Gender Perspective

Levy Economics Institute, Working Papers Series No. 562

44 Pages Posted: 18 May 2009

See all articles by Rania Antonopoulos

Rania Antonopoulos

Bard College - The Levy Economics Institute

Date Written: May 11, 2009

Abstract

Widespread economic recessions and protracted financial crises have been documented as setting back gender equality and other development goals in the past. In the midst of the current global crisis - often referred to as “the Great Recession” - there is grave concern that progress made in poverty reduction and women’s equality will be reversed. Indeed, for many developing countries it is particularly worrisome that, through no fault of their own, the global economic downturn has exacerbated effects from other crises manifest in food insecurity, poverty, and increasing inequality. This paper explores both well-known and less discussed paths of transmission through which crises affect women’s world of work and overall wellbeing. As demand for textile and agricultural exports decline, along with tourism, job losses are expected to rise in these female-intensive industries. In addition, the gendered nature of the world of work suggests that women will see an increase in their share among informal and vulnerable workers worldwide, and will also supply more of their labor under unpaid conditions. The latter is particularly important in the context of developing countries, where many production activities take place outside the strict boundaries of the market. The paper also makes this point: examined through the prism of gender equality, the ability of the state to implement countercyclical policies matters greatly. If policy responses at the national and international levels end up aggravating inequities, gender equality processes face many more barriers, especially among the poor.

Keywords: Economic Crisis, Gender. Employer of Last Resort, Unemployment, Poverty, Policy Objectives, Development, Fiscal and Monetary Policy in Development, Agricultural Policies, Female Employment in Textiles and Crisis, Agriculture and Food Security

JEL Classification: B5, E24, E61, E62, E64, G10, H1, J16, J21, J38, J48, O23, O24

Suggested Citation

Antonopoulos, Rania, The Current Economic and Financial Crisis: A Gender Perspective (May 11, 2009). Levy Economics Institute, Working Papers Series No. 562. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1402687 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1402687

Rania Antonopoulos (Contact Author)

Bard College - The Levy Economics Institute ( email )

Blithewood
Annandale-on-Hudson, NY 12504-5000
United States
1-845-758-7717 (Phone)
1-845-758-1149 (Fax)

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