Sunscreen Safety: The Precautionary Principle, the Australian Therapeutic Goods Administration and Nanoparticles in Sunscreens

Nanoethics, Vol. 2, pp. 231-240, July 2, 2008

10 Pages Posted: 19 May 2009 Last revised: 22 May 2009

See all articles by Thomas Alured Faunce

Thomas Alured Faunce

Australian National University

Hitoshi Nasu

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Diana Megan Bowman

University of Michigan at Ann Arbor - School of Public Health

Date Written: July 2, 2008

Abstract

The ‘Precautionary Principle’ provides a somewhat ill-defined guide, often of uncertain normative status, for administrative decision makers exercising decision-making power in circumstances of potential risk to human health or the environment. This paper seeks to explore to what extent the precautionary principle should have been and was in fact utilized by the Australian Therapeutic Goods Administration (TGA) in its decision to approve the marketing of sunscreens containing titanium dioxide (TiO2) and zinc oxide (ZnO) in nanoparticulate form. In particular, this article assesses to what extent better application of that principle might have altered the TGA’s decision that TiO2 and ZnO ENPs in sunscreens do not require new safety testing, because they are functionally equivalent to their bulk counterparts.

Keywords: nanotechnology, nanotoxicology, sunscreens, precautionary principle, regulation

Suggested Citation

Faunce, Thomas Alured and Nasu, Hitoshi and Bowman, Diana Megan, Sunscreen Safety: The Precautionary Principle, the Australian Therapeutic Goods Administration and Nanoparticles in Sunscreens (July 2, 2008). Nanoethics, Vol. 2, pp. 231-240, July 2, 2008. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1402996

Thomas Alured Faunce (Contact Author)

Australian National University ( email )

Canberra, Australian Capital Territory 0200
Australia
61 2 61253563 (Phone)

Hitoshi Nasu

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Diana Megan Bowman

University of Michigan at Ann Arbor - School of Public Health ( email )

1415 Washington Heights
Ann Arbor, MI 48109-2029
United States

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