Evaluating Currency Crises: The Case of the European Monetary System
Empirical Economics, Vol. 35, No. 1, pp. 11-27, August 2008
Posted: 16 May 2009
Date Written: August 1, 2008
In this paper we examine the nature of currency crises. We ascertain whether the currency crises of the European Monetary System (EMS) were based either on fundamentals, or on self-fulfilling market expectations driven by extrinsic uncertainty. In particular, we extend previous work of Jeanne and Masson (J Int Econ 50:327-350, 2000) regarding the evaluation of currency crisis. We contribute to the existing literature proposing the use of Markov regime-switching with time-varying transition probability model. Our empirical results suggest that the currency crises of the EMS were not due only to market expectations driven by external uncertainty, or 'sunspots', but also to fundamental variables that help to explain the behavior of market expectations.
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