Comparative Advantage, Complexity and Volatility
31 Pages Posted: 19 May 2009 Last revised: 21 May 2009
Date Written: May 2009
Less developed countries tend to experience higher output volatility, a fact that is, in part, explained by their specialization in more volatile sectors. This paper proposes theoretical explanations for this pattern of specialization -- with the complexity of the goods playing a central role. Specifically, less developed countries with low levels of human capital, or alternately, with lower institutional ability to enforce contracts, will specialize in less complex goods which are also characterized by higher levels of output volatility. We provide novel empirical evidence that less complex industries are indeed more volatile.
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation