Jumping the Gates: Using Beta-Overlay Strategies to Hedge Liquidity Constraints
Journal Of Investment Management (JOIM), Third Quarter 2009
Posted: 22 May 2009 Last revised: 3 Aug 2011
Date Written: May 19, 2009
In response to the current financial crisis, a number of hedge funds have implemented “gates” on their funds that restrict withdrawals when the sum of redemption requests exceeds a certain percentage of the fund’s total assets. To reduce the investor’s risk exposures during these periods, we propose a futures overlay strategy designed to hedge out or control the common factor exposures of gated assets. By taking countervailing positions in stock, bond, currency, and commodity exposures, an investor can greatly reduce the systematic risks of their gated assets while still enjoying the benefits of manager-specific alpha. Such overlay strategies can also be used to reposition the betas of an investor’s entire portfolio, effectively rebalancing asset-class exposures without having to trade the less liquid underlying assets during periods of market dislocation. To illustrate the costs and benefits of such overlays, we simulate the impact of a simple beta-hedging strategy applied to long/short equity hedge funds in the TASS database.
Keywords: Hedge funds, illiquidity, hedging, hedge fund beta, gates
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