Glass Ceilings or Sticky Floors?

CEPR Discussion Paper Series No. 1965

Posted: 8 Mar 1999

See all articles by Jeff Frank

Jeff Frank

University of London, Royal Holloway College - Department of Economics

Date Written: September 1998

Abstract

According to surprising raw data from the British Household Panel Survey, full-time women are more likely than men to be promoted. Controlling for observed and unobserved individual heterogeneity, we find that women are promoted at roughly the same rate as men, but receive smaller wage increases consequent upon promotion. These facts contradict the conventional view that "glass ceilings" limit the promotion of women. They are consistent with our new "sticky floors" model of discrimination where women are just as likely as men to be promoted, but find themselves stuck at the bottom of the wage scale for the new grade.

JEL Classification: J3, J16, J41, J44

Suggested Citation

Frank, Jeff, Glass Ceilings or Sticky Floors? (September 1998). CEPR Discussion Paper Series No. 1965, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=140792

Jeff Frank (Contact Author)

University of London, Royal Holloway College - Department of Economics ( email )

Royal Holloway College
Egham
Surrey, Surrey TW20 0EX
United Kingdom
+44 20 8265 4203 (Phone)

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