EU-Mercosur Trade Agreement: Potential Impacts on Rural Livelihoods and Gender (with Focus on Bio-Fuels Feedstock Expansion)

Posted: 21 May 2009

See all articles by Leonith Hinojosa

Leonith Hinojosa

University of Manchester; University of Manchester

Date Written: May 21, 2009

Abstract

The trade-sustainable impact assessment of the European Union-Mercosur trade agreement found that the economic impact of the trade liberalization scenario could be positive in the agriculture sector of Mercosur countries. However, it also found that the social and environmental impacts would be mixed and potentially detrimental. This paper addresses the likely effects on the livelihoods of vulnerable rural populations. It argues that the potential impacts can be analyzed within a diversified livelihood strategies framework, which is expanded to include institutional and policy factors. It concludes that the negative expected impact responds to the highly uneven access to capital assets. On the other hand, the effects are not generalized to all Mercosur countries, nor to all regions in each of the member countries. Enhancing or mitigating measures refer to the importance of sequencing and regulation to improve disadvantaged groups’ abilities to participate in trade-led agricultural intensification or industrialization processes.

Keywords: Sustainable impact assessment, Livelihoods, Bio-fuels, Gender, Mercosur

Suggested Citation

Hinojosa, Leonith and Hinojosa, Leonith, EU-Mercosur Trade Agreement: Potential Impacts on Rural Livelihoods and Gender (with Focus on Bio-Fuels Feedstock Expansion) (May 21, 2009). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1408033

Leonith Hinojosa (Contact Author)

University of Manchester ( email )

SED-Humanities Bridgeford Street
Oxford Road
Manchester, M13 9PL
United Kingdom

HOME PAGE: http://www.sed.manchester.ac.uk/idpm/staff/hinojosa-valencia_leonith.htm

University of Manchester ( email )

SED-Humanities Bridgeford Street
Oxford Road
Manchester, M13 9PL
United Kingdom

HOME PAGE: http://www.sed.manchester.ac.uk/idpm/staff/hinojosa-valencia_leonith.htm

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