Intrapreneurship or Entrepreneurship?

41 Pages Posted: 1 Jun 2009  

Simon C. Parker

University of Western Ontario; Durham University - Department of Economics and Finance; IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Abstract

I explore the factors that determine whether new business opportunities are exploited by starting a new venture for an employer ('nascent intrapreneurship') or independently ('nascent entrepreneurship'). Analysis of a nationally representative sample of American adults gathered in 2005-06 uncovers systematic differences between the drivers of nascent entrepreneurship and nascent intrapreneurship. Nascent entrepreneurs tend to leverage their general human capital and social ties to organize ventures which sell directly to customers, whereas intrapreneurs disproportionately commercialize unique new opportunities which sell to other businesses. Implications of the findings are discussed.

Keywords: nascent entrepreneurship, intrapreneurship, sample selection

JEL Classification: L26, M13

Suggested Citation

Parker, Simon C., Intrapreneurship or Entrepreneurship?. IZA Discussion Paper No. 4195. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1412273

Simon C. Parker (Contact Author)

University of Western Ontario ( email )

1151 Richmond Street
Suite 2
London, Ontario N6A 5B8
Canada

Durham University - Department of Economics and Finance ( email )

23/26 Old Elvet
Durham DH1 3HY
United Kingdom
+44 191 3747271 (Phone)

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

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