Stipulation of Excess in Understanding and Misunderstanding Riba: The Al-Jassas Link
Arab Law Quarterly, Vol. 21, No. 4, pp. 285-316, 2007
32 Pages Posted: 4 Jun 2009 Last revised: 16 Feb 2019
Date Written: 2007
An essential condition in the orthodox definition of riba is stipulated excess in a loan or debt. This essential condition is traced to al-Jassas. Understanding this issue of stipulated excess is critical to understanding riba. In this paper the stipulated excess in connection with al-Jassas as well as its implication for defining riba and prohibition of interest is examined. A critical examination of the subject shows that pre-Jassas discourse about riba did not include stipulated excess as an essential condition and al-Jassas’ changing of the conditions in defining riba is not corroborated by the textual evidences he used.
Keywords: riba, interest, usury, al-Jassas, Islamic finance, Islamic banking, Islamic economics, Qarḍ Hasan, Qard al-Hasana
JEL Classification: B19, B59, E49, Z12
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