Consumption of Energy, CO2 Emissions and Materials Usage Efficiency Per Capita: A Cluster Analysis of Europe and Eurasia

Global Management Journal, Vol. 1, No. 1, pp. 55-65, 2009

23 Pages Posted: 6 Jun 2009 Last revised: 17 Feb 2014

Adam J. Sulkowski

Babson College

D. Steven White

University of Massachusetts at Dartmouth - Charlton College of Business

Date Written: June , 2009

Abstract

Most studies investigating the environmental impact of business activities across countries do so from a macroeconomic vantage point. While this widely accepted methodology has its merits, the purpose of this research is to present an alternative form of analysis focusing on consumption per capita. The three consumption measures are energy use per capita, CO2 emissions per capita, and paper and paperboard consumption per capita. Using model-based cluster analysis, three distinct clusters are identified among the forty-five countries investigated across Europe and Eurasia. Finally, business concerns associated with the findings are presented and discussed. The paper contributes to the management literature in three ways. First, it proposes that consumption-based measures may provide a better picture of current and future environmental impact. Next, it introduces the discipline to the technique of model-based cluster analysis. And finally, it provides insight into the business consequences associated with patterns of consumption in both developed and developing economies.

Keywords: model-based cluster analysis, resource use per capita, ecological footprint

JEL Classification: C21, E2, N5, O1, Q4

Suggested Citation

Sulkowski, Adam J. and White, D. Steven, Consumption of Energy, CO2 Emissions and Materials Usage Efficiency Per Capita: A Cluster Analysis of Europe and Eurasia (June , 2009). Global Management Journal, Vol. 1, No. 1, pp. 55-65, 2009. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1414938

Adam J. Sulkowski

Babson College ( email )

231 Forest St.
Babson Park, MA 02457-0310
United States

HOME PAGE: http://www.babson.edu/Academics/faculty/profiles/Pages/sulkowski-adam.aspx

D. Steven White (Contact Author)

University of Massachusetts at Dartmouth - Charlton College of Business ( email )

Department of Management & Marketing
285 Old Westport Road
North Dartmouth, MA 02747-2300
United States
5089998267 (Phone)

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