Corruption and Elections: An Empirical Study for a Cross-Section of Countries

22 Pages Posted: 8 Jun 2009

See all articles by Stefan Krause

Stefan Krause

Banque de France - Economic Study and Research Division; Sciences Po

Fabio Mendez

University of Arkansas - Sam M. Walton College of Business

Abstract

In this paper, we study whether voters are more likely to "vote out" a corrupt incumbent than to re-elect him. Specifically, we examine whether they retract their support from political candidates who they think are corrupt by looking at changes in an index of corruption perceptions between the current and the last elections. Our results suggest that corruption in public office is effectively punished by voters. Furthermore, our findings support the idea that both the political system and the democratic experience are important determinants of the voters' reaction and control of corruption; while voters in countries with parliamentary systems or with relatively low levels of democracy react negatively to an increase in corruption, no perceptible effect of this kind was found in countries with mature democracies, and the evidence is inconclusive in the case of countries with presidential systems.

Suggested Citation

Krause, Stefan and Mendez, Fabio, Corruption and Elections: An Empirical Study for a Cross-Section of Countries. Economics & Politics, Vol. 21, Issue 2, pp. 179-200, July 2009. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1415084 or http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1468-0343.2008.00341.x

Stefan Krause (Contact Author)

Banque de France - Economic Study and Research Division ( email )

31, rue Croix des Petits Champs
75049 Paris Cedex 01
FRANCE

Sciences Po ( email )

27 rue Saint-Guillaume
Paris Cedex 07, 75337
France

Fabio Mendez

University of Arkansas - Sam M. Walton College of Business ( email )

Fayetteville, AR 72701
United States

Here is the Coronavirus
related research on SSRN

Paper statistics

Downloads
3
Abstract Views
774
PlumX Metrics