Private Import Safety Regulation and Transnational New Governance
25 Pages Posted: 9 Jun 2009 Last revised: 24 Jun 2009
Date Written: June 9, 2009
This paper examines the role of ‘private’ (non-governmental) regulatory programs in assuring the safety of imported products. Focusing particularly on food safety it argues that private regulatory institutions have great capacity to control safety hazards and to implement dynamic systems for detecting and correcting nascent risks. However, to establish the accountability and legitimacy relationships necessary for long-term effectiveness, private safety regulatory programs must devise new ways of incorporating and responding to the interests of developing country producers, laborers, consumers, and governments. Developed country regulators can aid this process by ‘orchestrating’ transnational governance processes to ensure that private regulatory programs collect and share information, maximize transparency and participation in their standard setting procedures, and experience incentives to deploy maximal care in implementation, monitoring, and enforcement.
Keywords: corporate social responsibility, consumer protection, food safety, globalization, import regulation, import safety, international trade, market chain governance, new governance, private regulation, private standard setting, product safety, regulatory governance, safety regulation, supply chain
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