The GDP-Manifolds

FEA Working Paper No. 2009-33

7 Pages Posted: 22 Jul 2009 Last revised: 5 Jan 2010

See all articles by Mario Arturo Ruiz Estrada

Mario Arturo Ruiz Estrada

University of Malaya (UM) - Faculty of Economics & Administration (FEA)

Date Written: June 9, 2009


This paper proposes the Monitoring of the GDP trend through the construction of the GDP-manifolds. It is based on the application of the Multi-Dimensional Radar Mapping Model theoretical framework. The GDP-manifolds is defined as the total accumulation of the GDP growth rates of any country into a large period of time. Moreover, we can compare different GDP-manifolds by different periods of time or countries into the same graphical space.

Keywords: econographicology, economic modeling, macroeconomic policy, economic teaching, multi-dimensional graphs and multi-dimensional physical spaces

JEL Classification: E60

Suggested Citation

Ruiz Estrada, Mario Arturo, The GDP-Manifolds (June 9, 2009). FEA Working Paper No. 2009-33. Available at SSRN: or

Mario Arturo Ruiz Estrada (Contact Author)

University of Malaya (UM) - Faculty of Economics & Administration (FEA) ( email )

Kuala Lumpur, 50603
+60126850293 (Phone)


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