Atmospheric Harms in Constitutional Law

13 Pages Posted: 17 Jun 2009 Last revised: 9 Jun 2015

See all articles by Frederick Mark Gedicks

Frederick Mark Gedicks

Brigham Young University - J. Reuben Clark Law School

Date Written: June 10, 2009


Prepared for the University of Maryland Constitutional Law Workshop, this essay uses Proposition 8 to frame how nontangible or "atmospheric" harms are treated differently by Establishment Clause doctrine than by other areas of constitutional law. The essay concludes that the greater tendency of Establishment Clause doctrine to credit actions based on atmospheric harms suggests that despite the doctrinal normalization of much Religion Clause jurisprudence, religion remains distinct from other constitutionally protected activities.

Keywords: atmospheric harm, constitutional law, Establishment Clause, Free Exercise, Proposition 8, religion

Suggested Citation

Gedicks, Frederick Mark, Atmospheric Harms in Constitutional Law (June 10, 2009). Maryland Law Review, Vol 69, p. 149, 2009, Available at SSRN:

Frederick Mark Gedicks (Contact Author)

Brigham Young University - J. Reuben Clark Law School ( email )

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Provo, UT 84602-8000
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