The Strategic Use of Tying to Preserve and Create Market Power in Evolving Industries
66 Pages Posted: 25 Jan 1999 Last revised: 11 Oct 2010
Date Written: December 1998
This paper investigates how the tying of complementary products can be used to preserve and extend monopoly positions. We first show how a firm that is a monopolist of a product in the current period can use tying to preserve its monopoly position in future periods. We then show using related arguments how a monopolist in one market can employ tying to extend its monopoly position into a newly emerging market. The analysis focuses on the importance of entry costs and network externalities. The paper includes a discussion of antitrust implications.
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