Timing Matters: Promoting Forum Shopping by Insolvent Corporations
Northwestern Law Review, Vol. 94, p. 1357, 2000
Reprinted in: Corporate Practice Commentator, Vol. 42, p. 721, 2001
Vanderbilt Law School, Joe C. Davis Working Paper Series, Working Paper No. 99-1
82 Pages Posted: 10 Feb 1999
Date Written: August 1999
Most commentators decry forum shopping. This general hostility extends to forum shopping by firms filing for bankruptcy. Indeed, Congress is considering legislation designed to reduce forum shopping by companies filing for bankruptcy. This article makes two contributions to this debate. First, we show that the current debate is driven almost exclusively by attorneys trying to protect fees rather than by any principled objection to forum shopping. Second, on the merits, we argue that the hostility to forum shopping is misplaced. The near universal condemnation of forum shopping rests on the premise that, at the time the plaintiff selects a forum, there is a zero-sum game between the plaintiff and defendant - every advantage that a plaintiff secures comes at a cost to the defendant. We demonstrate that, in the bankruptcy context, this zero-sum game disappears if one forces a firm to commit to a specific venue before its seeks funds in the capital markets. Drawing on the "race to the top" literature in corporate law, we show that markets will discipline managers who act opportunistically. The threat of this discipline will lead managers to commit to the venue most likely to maximize firm value. Moreover, our proposal will create incentives for judges to exercise the vast discretion that the Bankruptcy Code gives them in a way which promotes efficiency.
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