Biomass Supply for Biofuel Production: Estimates for the United States and Canada

BioResources, Vol. 4, No. 3, pp. 1070-1087

18 Pages Posted: 17 Jun 2009 Last revised: 20 Jul 2014

See all articles by Subbu Kumarappan

Subbu Kumarappan

Michigan State University - Department of Agricultural Economics

Satish Joshi

Michigan State University - Department of Agricultural Economics

Heather L. MacLean

University of Toronto - Department of Civil Engineering

Date Written: August 2009

Abstract

The potential supply of biomass feedstocks in the US and Canada is estimated using a static supply function approach. Estimated total biomass available at a price of $100 per metric ton is 568 million metric tons in the US and 123 million tons in Canada, which together can displace 23-45 billion gallons of gasoline. Sufficient biomass, mainly agricultural and mill residues, will be available at prices of around $50/ton to meet the advanced biofuel mandates of the US Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007. The estimates of agricultural residue supply are very sensitive to the assumed fraction of residues that can be sustainably removed from the field, and the potential of municipal solid waste as a feedstock depends on which components can be economically converted into liquid biofuels.

Keywords: Biomass supply, Resource assessment, Lignocellulosic biomass

JEL Classification: Q42, Q11, Q2, Q20, Q29

Suggested Citation

Kumarappan, Subramanian and Joshi, Satish V. and MacLean, Heather L., Biomass Supply for Biofuel Production: Estimates for the United States and Canada (August 2009). BioResources, Vol. 4, No. 3, pp. 1070-1087, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1420944

Subramanian Kumarappan

Michigan State University - Department of Agricultural Economics ( email )

East Lansing, MI 48824
United States

Satish V. Joshi (Contact Author)

Michigan State University - Department of Agricultural Economics ( email )

91 Agriculture Hall
East Lansing, MI 48824
United States
517-432-9802 (Phone)
517-432-1800 (Fax)

Heather L. MacLean

University of Toronto - Department of Civil Engineering ( email )

Toronto, Ontario M5S 3G8
Canada

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