The Timing of Maternal Work and Time with Children

37 Pages Posted: 21 Jun 2009

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Jay Stewart

Bureau of Labor Statistics; IZA Institute of Labor Economics

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I use data from the American Time Use Survey to examine how maternal employment affects when during the day that mothers of pre-school-age children spend doing enriching childcare and whether they adjust their schedules to spend time with their children at more-desirable times of day. I find that employed mothers shift enriching childcare time from workdays to nonwork days. On workdays, full-time employed parents shift enriching childcare time toward evenings, but there is little shifting among part-time employed mothers. I find no evidence that full-time employed mothers adjust their schedules to spent time with their children at more-preferred times of day, whereas part-time employed mothers shift employment to later in the day.

Keywords: timing of activities, time use, childcare

JEL Classification: J22, J13

Suggested Citation

Stewart, Jay, The Timing of Maternal Work and Time with Children. IZA Discussion Paper No. 4219, Available at SSRN: or

Jay Stewart (Contact Author)

Bureau of Labor Statistics ( email )

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IZA Institute of Labor Economics

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