'Equality and Freedom from Discrimination: Article 13 EU Treaty'

Journal of Social Welfare and Family Law, Vol. 24, No. 2, pp. 223-238, 2002

Posted: 22 Jun 2009

Date Written: 2002

Abstract

With the Treaty of Amsterdam, which entered into force on May 1, 1999, the European Union and Community sought to accord greater expression and substance both to a rights-based conception of Union citizenship and a concern to combat discrimination. In this regard, a notable feature of the Treaty establishing the European Community, as amended by the Treaty of Amsterdam, is the inclusion, under Article 13, of new anti-discrimination provisions. This research considers a range of issues arising from introduction of Article 13, which provides the Community a specific and unprecedented legal base upon which to take 'appropriate action to combat discrimination based on sex, racial or ethnic origin, religion or belief, disability, age or sexual orientation'. The research assesses the pre-Article 13 position respecting non-discrimination; contrasts the pre-Article 13 position with that embraced by Article 13; pays close attention to the content, terms, and scope of the provision; and comments on the prospects for the full implementation of Article 13 by Member States of the European Union.

Suggested Citation

Bryan, Ian, 'Equality and Freedom from Discrimination: Article 13 EU Treaty' (2002). Journal of Social Welfare and Family Law, Vol. 24, No. 2, pp. 223-238, 2002, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1423842

Ian Bryan (Contact Author)

Lancaster University ( email )

Lancaster LA1 4YX
United Kingdom

Do you have a job opening that you would like to promote on SSRN?

Paper statistics

Abstract Views
2,111
PlumX Metrics