Women, Children and Patience: Experimental Evidence from Indian Villages

40 Pages Posted: 30 Jun 2009

See all articles by Michal Bauer

Michal Bauer

Charles University in Prague - Institute of Economic Studies; CERGE-EI

Julie Chytilová

Charles University in Prague - Department of Economics

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Abstract

In this paper we study the link between women's responsibility for children and their preferences. We use a large random sample of individuals living in rural India, incentive compatible measures of patience and risk aversion, and detailed survey data. We find more patient choices among women who have a higher number of children. The age of children matters: The link with patience is specific for children below 18 years old, and the highest level of patience is associated with having three children. We do not observe this link among men. Taken together, we find significant gender differences in patience that are predicted by a higher number of children. The results are robust to controlling for age, education, income constraints, and individual and location characteristics. These findings suggest an important context when the spending preferences of spouses diverge, and support the view that empowering women in developing countries should lead to more future-oriented choices of households.

Keywords: time discounting, gender, children, experiment, India

JEL Classification: C93, D13, D91, 012

Suggested Citation

Bauer, Michal and Chytilová, Julie, Women, Children and Patience: Experimental Evidence from Indian Villages. IZA Discussion Paper No. 4241, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1426728

Michal Bauer (Contact Author)

Charles University in Prague - Institute of Economic Studies ( email )

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Julie Chytilová

Charles University in Prague - Department of Economics ( email )

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Prague 1, 163 00
Czech Republic

HOME PAGE: http://ies.fsv.cuni.cz/index.php?module=kernel&action=user&id_user=130&lng=cs_CZ

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