The Multi-Dimensional (MD) Coordinate Systems

FEA Working Paper No. 2010-05

14 Pages Posted: 2 Jul 2009 Last revised: 7 Jan 2010

See all articles by Mario Arturo Ruiz Estrada

Mario Arturo Ruiz Estrada

University of Malaya (UM) - Faculty of Economics & Administration (FEA)

Date Written: June 29, 2009


This paper shows different multi-dimensional coordinate systems that can be applied on science and social sciences. This paper offers a serial of multi-dimensional coordinate systems to visualize and analyze from 4-Dimensions until Infinity dimensions into the same graphical space. At the inception of multi-dimensional coordinate systems, the following new types of multi-dimensional coordinate systems are presented: Pyramid coordinate system, Diamond coordinate system, 4-Dimensional coordinate system, 5-Dimensional coordinate system, Infinity Dimensional coordinate system and Multi-functional Pictorial coordinate system. These six Multi-Dimensional coordinate systems are constructed based on the traditional 3-D space concept, but they represent 4-D, 5-D, 8-D, 9-D and Infinity-Dimension.

Keywords: Econographicology, Multi-Dimensional graphs and Multi-Dimensional Geometry

JEL Classification: C02

Suggested Citation

Ruiz Estrada, Mario Arturo, The Multi-Dimensional (MD) Coordinate Systems (June 29, 2009). FEA Working Paper No. 2010-05 . Available at SSRN: or

Mario Arturo Ruiz Estrada (Contact Author)

University of Malaya (UM) - Faculty of Economics & Administration (FEA) ( email )

Kuala Lumpur, 50603
+60126850293 (Phone)


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