Organophosphates, Friend and Foe: The Promise of Medical Monitoring for Farm Workers and Their Families

31 Pages Posted: 3 Aug 2009 Last revised: 14 Jul 2014

Adriane Busby

Government of the United States of America - Department of Commerce

Gabriel Eckstein

Texas A&M University School of Law

Abstract

Millions of farm workers nation-wide who load, mix and/or apply pesticides are exposed to incredible amounts of pesticides on a daily basis. Various inefficiencies and inconsistencies in the regulatory system - including insufficient illness reporting data systems, lack of regulatory compliance and enforcement, and inadequate data and information on the chronic effects of exposure and overexposure to various pesticides - increase the likelihood that these workers will continue to be exposed to dangerous amounts of pesticides.

This Article assesses the existing mechanisms designed to protect farm workers from occupational exposure to pesticides and identifies and analyzes some of the shortcomings of the regulatory system. It focuses on the class of pesticides known as organophosphates and examines the impact that such pesticides can have on farm workers as well as on their families. It then evaluates the State of Washington’s medical monitoring rule, and recommends implementation of a federal medical monitoring program as a means of protecting all American farm workers from the dangers of pesticide overexposure.

Keywords: pesticide, pesticides, organophosphates, OPs, agriculture, agricultural chemicals, overexposure, medical monitoring, medical monitoring rule, FIFRA, Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act

JEL Classification: I10, I18, J28, J43, K11, K19, K23, K32, K39, L65, L66, L79, N50, O13, Q18, Q19

Suggested Citation

Busby, Adriane and Eckstein, Gabriel, Organophosphates, Friend and Foe: The Promise of Medical Monitoring for Farm Workers and Their Families. Texas Tech Law School Research Paper No. 2010-16; UCLA Journal of Environmental Law & Policy, Vol. 27, No. , 2009; Texas Tech Law School Research Paper No. 2010-16. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1428211

Adriane Busby

Government of the United States of America - Department of Commerce ( email )

1401 Constitution Ave., NW
Washington, DC 20230
United States

Gabriel Eckstein (Contact Author)

Texas A&M University School of Law ( email )

TX
United States
817-212-3912 (Phone)

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