The Illusory Right to Abandon

43 Pages Posted: 1 Jul 2009 Last revised: 17 Dec 2009

Date Written: July 1, 2009

Abstract

The common law of property supposedly empowers owners of chattels freely and unilaterally to abandon them by manifesting the clear intent to do so, typically by renouncing possession of the object in a way that communicates the intent to forego any future claim to it. In contrast, the law has also traditionally prohibited the abandonment of possessory interests in land. On the rare occasion it is even discussed, this disparate treatment is usually treated as a puzzle that needs to be explained. In this essay, I argue that this way of framing the question misunderstands the structure of abandonment law. Viewed through the lens of land, the (prospective) right to abandon any form of tangible property, even chattels, is an illusion. This is because the legal prohibition of abandoning land, when coupled with the law of trespass, dramatically qualifies the unilateral right to abandon any property (even chattels) almost to the point of insignificance. On this view, the common law’s treatment of land is not an anomalous restriction within a legal regime that otherwise empowers owners freely to abandon their property. Instead, the inability to abandon land forms the foundation of a complex system that, among other things, regulates and directs the disposition of unwanted chattels by requiring those seeking to sever their bonds of ownership with chattels to do so in cooperation with others. Observing how rule prohibiting the abandonment of land undermines the usual understanding of the scope of the common law right unilaterally to abandon chattels does not definitively resolve the puzzle of why the common law restricts the right to abandon land. It merely reframes the question. Instead of asking why the common law treats land differently from chattels, the more appropriate question is why the common law expresses such suspicion of abandonment. A fuller explanation of this reframed question points towards the connections between the common law of property and a conception of property in land that views the institution of landownership as a social practice suffused with obligation and duty.

Suggested Citation

Penalver, Eduardo Moises, The Illusory Right to Abandon (July 1, 2009). Cornell Legal Studies Research Paper No. 09-015. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1428517 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1428517

Eduardo Moises Penalver (Contact Author)

Cornell University - Law School ( email )

Myron Taylor Hall
Cornell University
Ithaca, NY 14853-4901
United States

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