Still on the Books: Jim Crow and Segregation Laws Fifty Years after Brown v. Board of Education a Report on Laws Remaining in the Codes of Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, Missouri, South Carolina, Virginia, and West Virginia

Michigan State Law Review, p. 460, 2006

20 Pages Posted: 2 Jul 2009

See all articles by Gabriel Jackson Chin

Gabriel Jackson Chin

University of California, Davis - School of Law

Roger E. Hartley

University of Baltimore

Kevin Bates

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Rona Nichols Kreamer

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Ira J. Shiflett

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Salmon A. Shomade

University of New Orleans

Date Written: July 1, 2009

Abstract

Fifty years after the Supreme Court's landmark decision in Brown v. Board of Education, laws designed to enforce racial segregation in public schools remain on the books throughout the former Confederate states. ... Southern states donated public property and services to these schools, offered tuition grants to children who attended them, and allowed private school teachers to join desirable state pension programs. ... I. Laws on the Books Designed to Prevent Public School Integration ... A slightly more subtle technique was to authorize racial segregation by choice rather than by state mandate. Although public school students in Alabama may not choose to attend a school exclusively with classmates of a particular political party, religious faith, or professional aim, the Alabama Constitution does allow them to choose the race of their fellows: ... D. Other Segregation Laws (Mississippi, Missouri, West Virginia) ... In the West Virginia code, two statutes dating to the era of racial segregation still contain the word "Negro." ... A. Tuition Grants to Segregated Private Schools (Georgia, South Carolina, Virginia) ... B. Segregated Private School Teachers Granted Public Pensions (Alabama, Georgia, Virginia) ... This encouraged current public school teachers to transfer to newly created segregated private schools, and made it easier for those schools to hire new teachers in the future. Arkansas and Virginia repealed their statutes in the 1980s, but those of Alabama and Georgia remain on the books. ...

Keywords: jim crow laws, still on the books, Brown v. Board of Education, discrimination, desegregation

Suggested Citation

Chin, Gabriel Jackson and Hartley, Roger E. and Bates, Kevin and Kreamer, Rona Nichols and Shiflett, Ira J. and Shomade, Salmon A., Still on the Books: Jim Crow and Segregation Laws Fifty Years after Brown v. Board of Education a Report on Laws Remaining in the Codes of Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, Missouri, South Carolina, Virginia, and West Virginia (July 1, 2009). Michigan State Law Review, p. 460, 2006. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1428586

Gabriel Jackson Chin (Contact Author)

University of California, Davis - School of Law ( email )

Martin Luther King, Jr. Hall
400 Mrak Hall Dr.
Davis, CA 95616-5201
United States
520-401-6586 (Phone)
530-754-5311 (Fax)

Roger E. Hartley

University of Baltimore ( email )

Baltimore, MD 21214
United States
828-458-0944 (Phone)

Kevin Bates

affiliation not provided to SSRN ( email )

Rona Nichols Kreamer

affiliation not provided to SSRN ( email )

Ira J. Shiflett

affiliation not provided to SSRN ( email )

Salmon A. Shomade

University of New Orleans ( email )

2000 Lakeshore Drive
New Orleans, LA 70148
United States

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