Parents’ School-Related Behavior: Getting Involved with a Grade School and College Child
The Guidance Journal, Vol. 37, May 2009
15 Pages Posted: 3 Jul 2009
Date Written: May 21, 2009
The present study investigated the parental involvement of the Filipino mothers and fathers on their child’s school-related behaviors. The study made use of Tan’s (1989) typology of fathers (procreator, dillitante, determinative, and generative) and Umali-Razon’s (1981) typology of mothers (permissive, loving, controlling, and autonomy). These characteristics in their typology were differentiated in the involvement of school-related activities for a grade school child and a college child. The pattern of differences was investigated using t-test for two independent samples, Confirmatory Factor Analysis, and Multidimensional Scaling. The results showed that mother’s are significantly more loving and permissive for the grade school child while fathers are significantly more procreator and determinative for the grade school child, p<.05. The model of Umali-Razon are more fit for involvement with a grade school child while Tan’s model is more appropriate for a college child. The characteristics for mothers’ and fathers’ are closely linked for the involvement of a grade school child and these characteristics separate and becomes exclusive for the involvement in a college child.
Keywords: Parental involvement, parenting, father's parenting style, other's parenting style
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