Looking at Early Adolescents' Temperament Dimensions and Metacognition
Philippine Journal of Psychology
21 Pages Posted: 5 Jul 2009 Last revised: 30 Jul 2009
Date Written: December 1, 2008
The study explored the relationships between dimensions of temperament (attention, activation control, inhibitory control, and surgency) and the components of metacognition (knowledge of cognition and regulation of cognition). The Early Adolescent Temperament Questionnaire-Revised (EATQ-R) and the Metacognitive Awareness Inventory (MAI) were administered to 340 adolescents aged 12 to 15. The results showed that all factors of temperament are significantly related to both knowledge of cognition and regulation of cognition using bivariate correlation. The multiple regression model showed that in the four temperamental dimensions under study, surgency was found to be a common significant predictor of both knowledge of cognition and regulation of cognition. The regression model showed that temperament with all factors combined significantly predicts knowledge of cognition (R=.42) and regulation of cognition (R=.35), p<.05.
Keywords: metacognition, knowledge of cognition, regulation of cognition, temperament, attention, activation control, inhibitory control, surgency
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