Myopic Extrapolation, Price Momentum, and Price Reversal
50 Pages Posted: 4 Jul 2009 Last revised: 10 Nov 2009
Date Written: November 9, 2009
We find that last-year's winners have lower expected returns than losers. However, this is followed by prior winners experiencing more positive earnings shocks than losers for at least two quarters after portfolio formation. After that time frame, the relative earnings shocks display the opposite pattern. If investors, when valuing securities, were to myopically extrapolate current earnings shocks as if they were long-lasting, then we would observe price momentum in the short run, followed by reversal in the long run. This hypothesis has two unique predictions: (i) current earnings shocks propel investors to myopically adjust forecasts on future cash flows, from short run to long run; and (ii) current earnings shocks and revisions to expected future cash flows dominate past returns in explaining price momentum and reversal. We find strong support for both predictions in the data.
Keywords: Momentum, reversal, analyst forecast, earnings, expected return, realized return
JEL Classification: G12, G14
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation