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The Role of Carbon Capture and Storage in Greenhouse Gas Emissions Reduction Models: A Parametric Study for the U.S. Power Sector

Program on Energy and Sustainable Development (PESD) Working Paper No. 85

Energy Policy, Vol. 38, No. 2, pp. 1177-1191, February 2010

26 Pages Posted: 8 Jul 2009 Last revised: 26 May 2014

John E. Bistline

Stanford University; Electric Power Research Institute

Varun Rai

University of Texas at Austin - LBJ School of Public Affairs

Date Written: June 1, 2009

Abstract

This paper analyzes the potential contribution of carbon capture and storage (CCS) technologies to greenhouse gas emissions reductions in the U.S. electricity sector. Focusing on capture systems for coal-fired power plants until 2030, a sensitivity analysis of key CCS parameters is performed to gain insight into the role that CCS can play in future mitigation scenarios and to explore implications of large-scale CCS deployment. By integrating important parameters for CCS technologies into a carbon-abatement model similar to the EPRI Prism analysis (EPRI, 2007), this study concludes that the start time and rate of technology diffusion are important in determining emissions reductions and fuel consumption for CCS technologies. Comparisons with legislative emissions targets illustrate that CCS alone is very unlikely to meet reduction targets for the electric-power sector, even under aggressive deployment scenarios. A portfolio of supply and demand-side strategies is needed to reach emissions objectives, especially in the near term. Furthermore, model results show that the breakdown of capture technologies does not have a significant influence on potential emissions reductions. However, the level of CCS retrofits at existing plants and the eligibility of CCS for new subcritical plants have large effects on the extent of greenhouse gas emissions reductions.

Keywords: CCS, carbon capture and storage, technology policy, integrated assessment modeling, technological diffusion

JEL Classification: L11, L50, L94, O33, O38

Suggested Citation

Bistline, John E. and Rai, Varun, The Role of Carbon Capture and Storage in Greenhouse Gas Emissions Reduction Models: A Parametric Study for the U.S. Power Sector (June 1, 2009). Energy Policy, Vol. 38, No. 2, pp. 1177-1191, February 2010 . Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1431172 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1431172

John E. Bistline (Contact Author)

Stanford University ( email )

Stanford, CA 94305
United States

Electric Power Research Institute ( email )

3412 Hillview Avenue
P.O. Box 10412
Palo Alto, CA 94304-1395
United States

HOME PAGE: http://eea.epri.com/

Varun Rai

University of Texas at Austin - LBJ School of Public Affairs ( email )

2300 Red River St., Stop E2700
PO Box Y
Austin, TX 78713
United States

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