The Relationship between Displaying and Perceiving Nonverbal Cues of Affect: A Meta-Analysis to Solve an Old Mystery
Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, Forthcoming
47 Pages Posted: 9 Jul 2009 Last revised: 10 Oct 2009
Date Written: July 8, 2009
The authors address the decades-old mystery of the association between individual differences in the display and perception of nonverbal cues of affect. Prior theories predicted positive, negative, and zero correlations in performance - given empirical results ranging from r=-.80 to r= .64. A meta-analysis of 40 effects showed a positive correlation for nonverbal behaviors elicited as intentional communication displays, but zero for spontaneous, naturalistic, or a combination of display types. There was greater variation in the results of studies using round robin designs yet analyzed with statistics that do not account for the interdependence of data. We discuss implications for theorists to distinguish emotional skills in terms of what people are capable of doing vs. what people actually do.
Keywords: Affect, emotion, expression, perception, recognition, meta-analysis, Social Relations Model
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation